# For Class VI

### English

- By the end of Class VI the students will be able to use the Dictionary effectively.
- They will be able to read Beyond the Text and will be able to reproduce what they read in the form of a story /narration/ drama.
- They will be able to narrate / report an incident to peers.
- Speak accurately and clearly with pause and stress.
- They will be able to write simple narrative and descriptive paragraphs; formal and informal letters and applications.
- They will be able to use the grammar what they have learned in previous classes correctly while speaking and writing.

- Adjective:- Compound Adjective, Comparison
- Conjunction:- Because.
- Tense:- Present Perfect.
- Pronoun:- Reflective Pronoun.
- Model:- Must, should, ought to, used to, have to
- Noun:- Collective Noun.
- Phrasal Verb.
- Making opposite using suitable prefixes.
- Use of introducing words - there /it.
- Use of Determiners - some / any/a few/few.
- Use of Would and Could.

### Hindi

कक्षा - छठवी सीखने की न्यूनतम क्षमता

- निजी अनुभवों के आधार पर भाषा का सृजनशील इस्तेमाल कर सके।
- दृष्य और श्रव्य माध्यमों की सामग्रियों (बाल साहित्य, पत्र पत्रिकाएं, दूरदर्शन व कम्प्यूटर जनित कार्यक्रम, नाटक भाषण आदि) को पढ़कर देखकर और सुनकर समझने तथा उस पर स्वतंत्र व स्वाभाविक मौखिक एवं लिखित प्रतिक्रिया व्यक्त करने की क्षमता का विकास।
- सरसरी तौर पर पाठ को देखकर उसकी विषय वस्तु का पता कर उसमें किसी विशेष बिन्दु को खोजने के लिए एवं उसकी बारीकी से जाँच करने की क्षमता का विकास।
- शब्दकोष का प्रयोग कर जानकारी प्राप्त करना।
- संज्ञा- संज्ञा की पहचान व्यक्ति, वस्तु, स्थान आदि एवं उनके प्रकार व्यक्तिवाचक, जातिवाचक, भाववाचक, समूहवाचक, द्रव्यवाचक।
- लिंग- लिंग क्या है पुल्लिंग एवं स्त्रीलिंग शब्दों की पहचान कर सके।
- वचन- एकवचन, बहुवचन की पहचान एवं वचन परिवर्तन।
- सर्वनाम- संज्ञा के स्थान पर सर्वनाम का प्रयोग।
- विशेषण- विशेषण की पहचान एवं उसका प्रयोग।
- क्रिया- सकर्मक क्रिया एवं अकर्मक क्रिया।
- काल- वर्तमान काल, भूतकाल एवं भविष्यत् काल का प्रयोग।
- क्रिया विशेषण- क्रिया विशेषण की पहचान।
- संबंधबोधक- संबंधबोधक अव्यय क्या है।
- समुच्चयबोधक- समुच्चयबोधक अव्यय का प्रयोग।
- विस्मयादिबोधक- विस्मयादिबोधक शब्दों की पहचान एवं उनका प्रयोग।
- विलोम शब्द, पर्यायवाची शब्द, अनेक शब्दों के लिए एक शब्द।
- पत्र एवं निबंध लेखन- औपचारिक एवं अनौपचारिक पत्र लेखन एवं निबंध लेखन।
- विराम चिह्न- पूर्ण विराम, अल्प विराम, प्रष्नवाचक, कोष्ठक, योजक विस्मयादिबोधक, हंसपद ,उद्धरण, लाघव चिह्न आदि का प्रयोग।
- मुहावरे, लोकोक्तियों, अनेकार्थक षब्द,श्रुतिसम भिन्नार्थक षब्दों का प्रयोग।

### Science

**The expected minimum level of learning is organized under 7 themes as shown below.**

**Food (Chapters-1,2 & 5*)**
- Recognizes the variation in the food habits in different regions of India.
- Identify the source of common food items.
- Understand the concepts of herbivores, carnivores and omnivores and classify common animals into these categories.
- Understand the processes such as threshing, winnowing, hand picking in the processing and preparation of different food items.
- Name the major nutrients of food and their sources.
- Recognize the importance of various nutrients for good health.
- Understand the basic concept of balanced diet and deficiency diseases.

**Materials (Chapters-3,4,5* & 6)**
- Recognize different types of clothing materials.
- Identify the basic materials for making clothes.
- Identify fibres from plants and list the conditions required for the cultivation of these plants.
- Understand the basic processes involved in making cloth.
- Distinguish between objects and materials from which they are made.
- List some common properties of materials on the basis of which they can be classified.
- Classify substances as- soluble/insoluble, sinking/floating etc.
- Understand the utility of grouping of materials.
- Understand the common methods of separation such as filtration, sedimentation and decantation.
- Choose a suitable method of separation based on the properties of the components.
- Understand the relationship between change in temperature and solubility.
- Recognize the common changes around us and classify them as reversible and irreversible.
- Recognize heating as common method changing substances.

**The world of Living( Chapters-7,8* & 9)**
- Understand the common characteristics of living things.
- Understand the general structure and functions of basic plant parts such as roots, stem and leaves.
- Recognize variation in stem, root and leaves of common plants.
- Understand the basic structure of some common flowers.
- Classify common plants into categories such as- trees, shrubs, herbs, creepers, and climbers.
- Develop a basic understanding of the concept such as organism and habitat.
- Identify the biotic and abiotic components of the environment.
- Recognize the different types of habitats and understand the characteristics of each.
- Understand how some animals are adapted to different habitats.
- Develop a basic idea of life processes such as excretion, reproduction and respiration.
- Understand the basic organization of the human skeleton and its function.
- Identify the major parts of the skeleton and its role in movement of the body.
- Understand the structural features of some common animals that enable them to move.

**Moving Things-people and ideas (Chapter- 8 *,10)**
- Identify the moving objects from the surroundings.
- Recognize different types of motion- rectilinear, circular and periodic.
- Understand the need to measure distance and standard units of measurements.
- Form a basic idea about the magnitude of units such as centimetre, metre and Kilometre.

**How Things Work(Chapters-12 & 13)**
- Formalize the basic idea of electric current.
- Recognize an electric cell as source of current and identify its terminals.
- Understand a simple circuit consists of a cell, battery and a switch.
- Develop the basic idea of insulators and conductors.
- Devise a simple experiment to test if an object is conductor or insulator.
- Recognize the poles of a magnets and properties of magnets.
- Understand the nature of interaction between magnets
- Understand use of magnets to find direction.

**Natural Phenomena (chapter-11& 14*)**
- Understand the formation of shadows.
- Recognize transparent, translucent and opaque objects.
- Understand the working of a pinhole camera.
- Understand the concept of reflection and image formation.
- Understand the basic processes of water cycle.
- Recognize the impact of excessive and deficient rainfall.

**Natural resources (14*,15 & 16)**
- Understand the role of rain in replenishing rivers, lakes etc.
- Recognize water as resource essential for life.
- Become aware that usable water on the earth is limited and realize the need to conserve it.
- Understand the concept and importance of rain water harvesting.
- Recognize the fact that air is everywhere but its presence is felt only when it moves.
- Understand that air is present in water and soil.
- Identify the major components of air and their importance.
- Develop a basic concept of atmosphere and its exchange of gases with plants and animals.
- Become aware of the need to handle garbage or waste carefully.
- Classify garbage as decomposable and non-decomposable.
- Understand the basic processes of vermicomposting and its importance in managing garbage.
- Become aware of the need for safe handling of plastic.
- Understand the need to reuse and recycle materials.

***Content of the chapter covers more than one thematic area.**

### Social Science - History

**When, Where and How?(Chapter-1)**
- The students will acquire basic knowledge of our past, geographical terms used during the time frame and the sources used to reconstruct history.
- They will have the knowledge about the life of early men and the archaeological evidence that contribute to the study of the past.
- They will be able to appreciate the diversity of early domestication, stable settlement and traditions.
- They will have understanding of the social context of Vedas and Upanishads; urbanization-towns, capitals, religious centers etc.
- They will be able to appreciate the importance of manuscripts, coins, pottery, toys etc. in the study of the past.
- They will have an idea of calculation of time (Before and After Christ).

**Earliest Societies. (Chapters- 2, 3, 4 & 5)**
- Knowledge about why the early men settled near the source of water, their hunting and food gathering skill, the tools and weapons used by them.
- Understand and appreciate the need for domestication of animals and crops, the variety of crops they cultivated and the animals they reared.
- They will be able to recognize the need for a settled life, the origin of art and craft, gradual beginning of city life.
- They will have the understanding of the different kinds of houses and pottery of the Harappan people.
- They will have an understanding of the Vedas and Upanishads which reflects the real life of people.
- They develop a love and respect for the nature.

**Earliest Empires. (Chapters-6,7,8,9 10,11)**
- They will be able to distinguish between conditions of the ruler and the ruled, the origin of varna system, kingdoms and early republics.
- They will be able to explain the use of coin and its role in the past.
- They will have a brief knowledge about the Period of Ashoka the Great.
- They will be able to recognize the earlier Dynasties in the map of India.

**Cultural heritage. (Chapters-12)**
- They will develop an appreciation for the cultural heritage and spiritual richness of our country.

### Geography

**Earth and solar system (Chapters-1)**
- The students will be able to appreciate the position of Earth in the Solar System and its uniqueness.
- They will have basic knowledge of heavenly bodies.

**Globe and Maps (Chapters-2, 3 & 4)**
- They will recognize globe as the representation of earth, its two motions and the effects.
- They understand the two type’s motion of the earth and their effects.
- They will develop the basic skill of map reading.
- They understand the concepts of latitudes and longitudes.

**Four Reams of the Earth (Chapters-5)**
- They will have the basic understanding of the four realms of the earth;
- They understand the concepts of continents and oceans in geographical context.

**Relief Features of the Earth (Chapters-6)**
- They will be able to understand the diversity of major land forms of the earth.
- They will be able to list the main features of different land forms.

**Physiographical divisions of India (Chapters-7 & 8)**
- Students will have the basic knowledge about the Physiographic divisions of India; t
- Understand the influence of land, climate, vegetation and wildlife on human life.
- They will appreciate the need to conserve vegetation and wild life.

### Social and Political life (Civics)

**Diversity (Cha-1 & 2)**
- The students will be able to understand and appreciate various forms of diversity in their everyday environments.
- They will demonstrate sensitivity towards pluralism and interdependence.
- They will understand the difference between diversity and inequality.
- They will be able to recognize that there are multiple identities within us.
- They will understand the need to respect diversity.

**Government (Cha-3 & 4)**
- Students will understand the need for a government.
- They will understand concept of universal adult franchise.
- They will understand the different types of governments that exist in our country.
- They will recognize the elements that influence the smooth functioning of democracy.
- They will understand the need for people’s active participation in government.

**Local Government (Cha-5,6 & 7)**
- The students will be able to recognize the government at grass-root level (Panchayati Raj) and its importance.
- They will have basic understanding of local administration.

**Making a Living (Cha-8 & 9)**
- They will understand how people (rural and urban) make their living, the conditions that contribute to the making of it.
- They will also understand how the society influences the life of people.

### Mathematics

**Number System:**
- Knowing our Numbers:
- Sense of numbers more than 5-digit.
- Estimation of numbers.
- Identifying smaller, larger number & place value.
- Use of symbols =, <, > and use of brackets.
- Word problems on number operations.
- Estimation of outcome of number operations.
- Large number up to 8 digits.
- Roman numerals.

- Playing with Numbers:
- Simplification of brackets.
- Multiples and factors.
- Divisibility rules of 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10, 11.
- Even/odd and prime/composite numbers, Co-prime numbers.
- Product of prime factors.
- HCF & LCM, Prime factorization and division method.
- The property LCM × HCF = product of two numbers.

- Whole numbers:
- Natural and whole numbers.
- Properties of numbers.
- Number line, Seeing patterns.

- Numbers and Integers:
- How negative numbers arise and models of -ve numbers.
- Connection to daily life & ordering of -ve numbers.
- Representation of negative numbers on number line.
- Identification of integers on the number line.
- Operation of addition and subtraction of integers.
- Showing the operations on the number line.
- Comparison and ordering of integers.

- Fractions:
- Fraction as a part of whole.
- Representation of fractions.
- Types of fractions, addition & subtraction of fractions.

- Decimal:
- The idea of decimal fraction.
- Place value in the context of decimal fraction.
- Inter conversion of fractions and decimal fraction.
- Word problems involving addition and subtraction of decimals.

**Algebra**
- Introduction to variable through patterns and through appropriate word problems & generalizations.
- Generate such patterns with examples.
- Introduction to unknowns through examples with simple context.

**Ratio and Proportion**
- Concept of Ratio.
- Proportion as equality of two ratios.
- Unitary method.
- Word problems.

**Geometry**
- BASIC GEOMETRICAL IDEAS
- Introduction and link experience in everyday experience.
- Line, line segment, ray, open & closed figures, Interior & Exterior of closed figures.
- Curvilinear and linear boundaries.
- Parts of angle, triangle, quadrilateral and circle.

- UNDERSTANDING ELEMENTARY SHAPES
- Measure of line segment and angles.
- Pair of intersecting, perpendicular and parallel lines.
- Types of angles, quadrilaterals and simple polygons.
- Identification of 3-D shapes and locating in the surroundings.
- Faces, Edges and vertices of 3-D figures.

- SYMMETRY: (REFLECTION)
- Observation and identification of 2-D symmetrical objects for reflection symmetry.
- Operation of reflection of simple 2-D objects.
- Recognising reflection symmetry.

- CONSTRUCTION (using scale, protractor, compasses)
- Drawing a line segment.
- Construction of angles using protractor and compass.
- Construction of circle.
- Perpendicular bisector and angle bisector.
- Angle equal to a given angle.
- Drawing a line perpendicular to a given line.

**Mensuration**
- Concept of perimeter and area.
- Area of a rectangle and square.
- Perimeter of a rectangle and square.
- Deducing the formula of the perimeter and area.

**Data Handling**
- What is data?
- Collection and organization of data.
- Pictograph.
- Making bar graphs for given data interpreting bar graph.